Chances are, you are already familiar with pendulums. They feature a weight that is hung down from a string, bar, or another type of extension from a single fixed point. The pendulum swings back and forth from the fixed point, with the weight moving in an arc-like pattern.
Once it is in motion, it oscillates back and forth, swinging from side to side. In a vacuum, a pendulum in motion would keep going forever. In the real world, however, friction and air resistance eventually slow the pendulum down, causing it to come to rest back at its original starting point.
You can find examples of pendulums just about everywhere you look in everyday life. Think about the last time you saw a grandfather clock. Chances are, there was a large pendulum hanging down inside the clock that swung back and forth. Wrecking balls are another example of large pendulums. They swing back and forth on a large cable, crashing into buildings to knock them down. Even seismometers have an internal pendulum that helps track seismic activity.
The basic design of these rides is usually fairly simple. They typically have two legs that are connected by a single bar that runs between them at the top. Attached to the center of this bar is a second bar that extends downward. At the base of this bar is a large disk-shaped seating area. The disc usually has seats all around the outer perimeter.
The idea behind the ride is relatively simple. First, people are loaded into the seats, strapping themselves in with bars or safety belts to keep them from falling out after the ride starts moving.
Next, the ride begins to swing back and forth from the central point, using the basic motion of a pendulum. Typically, they take it one step further, however. In order to add to the excitement, the disc also begins to spin in a circle. As the ride swings back and forth, the disc also spins, giving the passengers an exciting ride that they will be able to look back on fondly long after the carnival ends.
Other rides at the carnival also are designed around the concept of a pendulum. For instance, the pirate ship rides that you can find at most carnivals swing back and forth from a central point in an arc-like pattern, mimicking the motion of a pendulum.
Hopefully, you now have a better idea of what pendulum rides are and how they work. The next time you go to a carnival, try to pay attention to the design of the rides. Welcome to buy from Beston Group.
You may be surprised to discover that physics plays a key role in the design of carnival rides. It just goes to show that science can be a lot of fun if you give it a chance. Of course, now all you need to do is convince your science teacher to take you to the carnival to study pendulums rather than studying them in the lab.